I’ve made beeswax, paraffin, soy, and palm wax candles of various shapes and sizes fairly seriously over more than 15 years. On a few occasions, I have also made money selling them.
But the ethics of using paraffin (petroleum) and palm wax for candle making are seriously questionable. And burning paraffin (like burning plastic) releases into the air carcinogenic chemicals such as toluene and benzene, just to name a few of the crummy chemicals that we breathe in when burning them.
Standard lamp oil isn’t better. It released just as many crummy chemicals, often more. And lamp oil is also made primarily from petroleum products.
Vegetable and animal oils have been used for light and heat for almost as long as humans have been able to make fire.
Supplies:I took. I used a wide mount 1/4 pint ball canning jar for one, and
- 100% cotton wicking from my candle making supplies – medium-large diameter wick (designed for 2”-4” diameter wax pillar candles – bought at Zenith Supplies)
- Wide mouth 1/4 pint Ball brand canning jar (designed to handle high heat) and a decorative bottle with a cork, previously used to hold diy scented massage oil
- 18 gauge galvanized steel wire
- olive cooking oil (cheap oil works as well or better than expensive “virgin” oil